The Criminal Injuries Compensation Board (CICB) is one of the eight social justice tribunals. It assesses financial compensation for victims and family members of deceased victims of violent crimes committed in Ontario, as well as victims of sexual or domestic abuse.
While there is no time limit for applications related to a sexual or domestic assault, for other types of violent crime, you must apply for compensation within two (2) years of the date of the incident. It is possible to extend the two (2) year limitation period with good reason but there is no guarantee that this will happen.
While it is not necessary for you to be represented by a lawyer or paralegal, it is often easier to work with somebody who has experience with CICB, and more importantly, CICB will communicate with us on your behalf, reducing the type of stress and anxiety that comes from being involved in the litigation process.
There are situations where CICB can proceed on an application without contacting an alleged offender. When they must notify the alleged offender they will notify the applicant or their legal representative. It is not however always required, for example, if the person was actually found guilty of the crime and is no longer “alleged” to have committed them. Often, we will inform CICB of any issues regarding notifications from the onset. If the alleged offender is notified, CICB will only disclose documents or portions of documents that relate to the alleged crime or crimes of violence. Your personal particulars and information about your injuries/treatment and details of compensation requested are not shared with the alleged offender.
Generally, an alleged offender's participation will be by way of written submissions, however, on occasion, the Board may determine that, based on his/her submissions, an alleged offender must take part in the hearing to support proper adjudication. If this is the case, the alleged offender will communicate by phone or video conference. They will not be in the same room as you.
The alleged offender will also receive a copy of the CICB's decision.
If your claim can be assessed based on written evidence alone, you won't need to attend a hearing. One of the CICB adjudicators will decide based on the information in the file. This is called a documentary hearing. If an oral hearing is needed, you must be present. At an electronic hearing you will be on the phone or video conference while the adjudicators are at a hearing site. During an oral or electronic hearing, the adjudicators will ask questions about the incident, injuries and associated costs.